The India roadmap will lay out a long term direction for policy interventions towards a low carbon and sustainable mobility ecosystem for India and will provide the vision for an integrated approach to decarbonisation of the transport sector in the short term (2022), medium term (2030) and long term (2050). While the global roadmap provides the direction towards decarbonisation of the transport sector by 2050, the India roadmap sets itself apart through a phased approach to decarbonisation.The process of building the India roadmap involves a mapping of the landscape of sustainable mobility policy framework in the country, bottom-up industry-led consultation and inputs, and interface with government and other stakeholders in the mobility space in India.
The India roadmap recognises the need for government, private sector and other stakeholders to work together in a concerted manner for building a sustainable mobility ecosystem in India. The findings and consultations of the India roadmap development process have thrown up interesting insights which point towards the scope for interventions in governance structures, policy and regulations, strategies for low carbon energy supply, policy imperatives required for optimising freight supply chains, sustainable transport models to reduce vehicle kilometres.
The roadmap gives clear actionable recommendations for each of these, many of which need to be implemented within the next two years (by 2022) and others that would ensure further implementation of policies and programmes in the medium term (between 2022 and 2030). The roadmap provides directional recommendations for the long-term (between 2030 and 2050) that focus more on R&D on advanced technologies.
The detailed insights also imply the scope for new and innovative business models as well as public-private partnership models that could be explored with the impetus on sustainable mobility in India. There is potential opportunity for collaboration in terms of multi-modality, interoperability, development of standards, implementation of transit-oriented development and low-emission and zero-emission zones. The need to improve interconnectedness among various ministries through implementation of a common governance structure, and the need for greater technology interface to enhance smart and connected mobility is a critical requirement.
The roadmap indicates the clear thrust needed on public transportation, shifting paradigm to movement of people more than the paradigm of movement of vehicles as the effective means to reduce congestion, air pollution, and vehicle kilometres. An integrated approach that integrates governance and institutions, infrastructure and technology for different modes is a strong imperative for sustainability.It also points out the gap in data and information, and therefore highlights the urgent need to develop data repository on mobility, especially for rural mobility, which would help extrapolate demand for rural mobility solutions.
The roadmap provides recommendations on financial and economic instruments for sustainable mobility. Overall, it emphasises the need to deliver a concerted and holistic pathway towards decarbonisation by setting a strategic direction towards policy formulation and effective implementation.
Please access the India Roadmap on Low Carbon and Sustainable Mobility here.