Transport at One Planet Summit: Countries, cities and non-governmental actors actively support the PPMC Transport Decarbonization Alliance

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One Planet Summit Calls for Decarbonization of All Modes of Transport by 2050

On 12 December 2017, the One Planet Summit, convened by the United Nations and the World Bank, at the initiative of the French Government, brought together over 60 world leaders in Paris to underscore how financial flows are shifting billions and trillions towards a low-carbon future that will benefit peoples and livelihoods.

The summit concluded that decarbonisation of all modes of transport by 2050, in line with the well below 2 Degree Target set by the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change is possible but will require action now to enable a comprehensive transformation of this key sector in the decades to come. See press release on Transport Decarbonization Alliance (TDA), which is led by the Paris Process on Mobility and Climate (PPMC), a joint initiative of the Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) and Michelin.

Transport Decarbonization Alliance mentioned by Heads of States and Governments

Among the participating 60 world leaders and several delegations, there was interest for the TDA expressed. French president Emmanuel Macron highlighted the TDA as one of the 12 climate commitments:



At the end of the afternoon plenary, French President Emmanuel Macron introduced the TDA along actions on shipping and an EV partnership of 8 US states led by Colorado as the 7th commitment. 35 countries urge the shipping industry to contribute to achieving the targets of the Paris Agreement through the “Tony de Brum” Declaration.

President of France Emmanuel Macron said: “Transport is the seventh commitment with the Transport Decarbonization Alliance. The transport sector accounts for approximately 15% of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions and faced with urgency, countries like Portugal, the Netherlands, Costa Rica and France, supported by the stakeholders of the PPMC platform, are creating an alliance to work together on roadmaps towards decarbonizing transport and increasing investment in clean transport. And this alliance will bear fruit in 2018 with contributions from states as Colorado, the city of Paris and many other groups.



Prime Minister of Portugal Antonio Costa said: “The other key sector is transport and that is why we have just launched with France, the Netherlands, Costa Rica, the Transport Decarbonization Alliance.” He looks forward to the first meeting hosted by Portugal in February 2018.

In the official communication document titled “One Planet Summit supports that decarbonisation of all modes of transport by 2050 is possible“ issued by the Portugal Government on Wednesday, December 13, the TDA was mentioned, see here.

In support of the TDA, Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands stated “The Netherlands believes that ambition and action on transport and climate change is needed. It will require joint leadership to transform transport and mobility. We therefore actively support the TDA and call on business leaders to step forward and work together with us on clean solutions”.  


Rutte-TDA

British Prime Minister Theresa May said that electric vehicles will contribute to UK’s future to decarbonization. She referred to the TDA and pledged a half billion British Pound for funding of electric vehicle industry and charging infrastructure. UK will host an international zero-emission vehicle summit in autumn next year.


Business Community’s support for Transport Decarbonization Alliance

The TDA was introduced in a video made by Michelin in the Panel 4 on “Strengthening policies for ecological and inclusive transition”:



In the video Michelin CEO Jean-Dominique Senard emphasized: “The battle of transport can be won if all actors, public and private, stand together.” In order to work together, the TDA was established at COP23 following the proposal of PPMC.


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The CEO of the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance Carlos Ghosn pointing to Portugal said: “We are convinced that climate change requires the mobilization of all and we are very happy indeed in talking part in this coalition.” Further, he mentioned that Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi will spend 50 billion over next six years for development of electric and autonomous vehicles and continue to pursue the target of reducing the carbon footprint of the car industry by 80% of 2010 levels by 2050.

The Transport Decarbonisation Alliance was initiated by the Netherlands, Costa Rica, Portugal and France together with Michelin, Alstom and Itaipu Binacional.

Towards the One Planet Summit, Sweden, Norway, Finland, New Zealand, the City of Paris, the State of Colorado, the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, SNCF, Ernst&Young (EY), Géodis and Renault-Nissan have announced their support for the TDA. In addition, the International Transport Forum and the International Energy Agency, welcomed the TDA and expressed their readiness to collaborating with TDA, based on their respective tools and activities.

For example, ambitious plans by Finland include to halve transport emissions by 2030 and to be economy-wide carbon-neutral by 2045, as Juha Sipilä, the Prime Minister of Finland mentioned.

Further Support of Transport Related Activities at One Planet Summit

The session on carbon pricing was accompanied by the following question from a Danish student: How are you going to reduce car usage, develop public transportation and change people’s habits in order to foster green transportation methods?


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The World Bank President Jim Yong Kim replied to the student by mentioning the example of bus rapid transit (BRT) and the best practices in Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and Lima in Peru. He said that there are many smart ways in lowering the carbon footprint and improving the passage of people in cities.

Dar es Salaam is the winner of the Sustainable Transport Award 2018 and the city will host the MOBILIZE Summit by ITDP from June 26-28.


Iceland-TDA

Iceland’s Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir said that for her country the impacts of climate change age already visible and that the new government intends to develop plans to become carbon-neutral before 2040. While raising the carbon tax, Iceland is going to exempt hybrid and electric vehicles from taxes at the same time. Icland’s Prime Minister said: “Even though it’s a cold country, more and more people use the bicycle because Icelanders are becoming more aware of climate change and that we can all do something.


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Former United States Secretary of State John Kerry expressed the need to change transportation so that people don’t choose cars first, promote a shift to electric vehicles and alternative fuels and downgrading size of vehicles. Further, he said that achieving such objectives doesn’t cause a loss of quality of life and wise choices of how cities and regions concerning transport and urban planning including higher density will have long-lasting positive impacts.

Among the mayors participating at the One Planet Summit were the Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo and the Mayor of Quito Mauricio Esteban Rodas Espinel with support of C40, ICLEI, Global Covenant of Mayors, UCLG and others showing the crucial role that cities play in climate action. Quito is going to have a clean public transport system in the historic city center by 2020. In her speech, Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo mentioned the end of the era of personal vehicles in major cities.


Monica

Monica Araya, Founder and Director of Costa Rica Limpia, says that cleaner air, cleaner transportation and cleaner politics are what people care about. She then introduces the example of Costa Rica where energy production is completely provided through renewable energy but transportation still depends on fossil fuels. Thus, activism towards electric mobility is necessary and fossil fuel subsidies have to end.  

Conclusion and Next Steps

The attention that transport received and the commitments for climate action in transport that were made during the One Planet Summit are unprecedented. After the One Planet Summit, the transport sector is better positioned in climate change mitigation and adaptation than ever before.

Credible roadmaps (such as the Global Macro Roadmap, developed by SLoCaT and Michelin under PPMC) to transformation exist. Now technical, behavioural and institutional barriers have to be tackled. Countries must phase and synergize their efforts with cities and companies so that the right public policies, at national and subnational levels, match and foster the needed strategic investments.

The next steps for the TDA are to further operationalize the alliance at the meeting to be hosted by Portugal in February 2018. Echoing CEO Michelin Senard, all interested parties who wish to be at the forefront of the transport sector’s transformation are invited to join the Transport Decarbonization Alliance.