Kick-starting the Transformation of the Transport Sector
The Quick Wins on Transport, Sustainable Development and Climate Change report describes a course of immediate bold and ambitious action that will kick-start the transformation of the transport sector in the desired roadmap directions, and limit the lock-in effects of a high-carbon business-as-usual (BAU) scenario.
It is in this spirit that the following list of 20 transport quick win actions have been proposed for implementation at scale in the pre-2020 period, which cohere with the global roadmap described above:
- Accelerate deployment of tighter diesel fuel quality standards to reduce emissions of black carbon and other short-lived climate pollutants.
- Accelerate phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies.
- Expand car and (e-)bike sharing systems in primary and secondary cities.
- Expand city transport official training programs to build local capacity for sustainable transport in primary and secondary cities.
- Expand sustainable freight recognition schemes to reward proactive carriers and shippers.
- Expand use of ICT applications for real-time travel information and route planning for walking, cycling, public transport and car sharing.
- Formulate Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) in primary and secondary cities.
- Implement (ultra-) low emission zones, including car-free zones in city centers.
- Implement zero-emissions (last-mile) urban freight through e-mobility and cycling solutions.
- Improve freight efficiency (e.g. reduce empty load running by freight trucks) through route optimization, asset sharing between companies, and increased use of ICT solutions.
- Increase quality, availability, reliability, frequency, and efficiency of bus-based transit.
- Introduce and scale up pricing for car-related travel options (e.g. congestion/road charging, parking pricing) in primary and secondary cities.
- Introduce carbon pricing for the transport sector where (sub-)national carbon markets currently exist or are under development.
- Introduce car-free days and ciclovías (temporary street closures to encourage cycling and walking) in primary and secondary cities to build support for longer-term policies.
- Invest in rural road maintenance and modern supply chains to reduce global food loss and waste.
- Legislate and enforce stricter speeding regulations by operational and technical means to reduce emissions and road crashes.
- Modernize ageing rail fleets and traction systems to increase efficiency.
- Provide and improve walking and cycling infrastructure (e.g. connected walking paths, protected cycle lanes), reallocating road space where necessary.
- Ramp up charging infrastructure to encourage expansion of electric vehicle fleets in primary and secondary cities.
- Tighten fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles.
These quick wins have been selected through input from a broad set of transport experts and other stakeholders, and have been evaluated through multifaceted impact analysis. These actions have the potential to contribute toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, thereby moderating climate impacts, while at the same time providing key development co-benefits such as improved access, increased efficiency, and enhanced safety. While the quick wins enumerated here are mitigation-focused, it is acknowledged that continued consultations will be needed to identify quick wins on adaptation in discussions leading up to COP22.
The full report is available here.