Introduce and scale up pricing for car-related travel options (e.g. congestion/road charging, parking pricing) in primary and secondary cities

9 to 9.001

Congestion charging refers to variable road tolls that are intended to reduce peak-period traffic volumes to optimal levels (i.e. higher prices are applied under congested conditions and lower prices are applied at less congested times and locations). Tolls can vary based on a fixed schedule, or they can be dynamic, changing depending on real-time levels of congestion.  Tolls may also provide exemptions for zero-emission vehicles to help to drive e-mobility as a key mitigation strategy. Congestion charging can be implemented to raise revenue or as a demand management strategy to avoid the need to add roadway capacity.

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