The Paris Agreement on climate change sets an overall long-term direction for climate change policy which should be in line with the ambitious target of limiting temperature increase (’well below 2°C’ above pre-industrial levels, and to aim for a temperature increase of not more than 1.5°C’). Therefore, each sector of human activity, including the Transport sector, must define its course of action whilst taking into account: a decarbonization timeline of 2050-2060 for the most developed, and 2060-2080 for less developed economies.
For the Transport sector, the goal is to largely decarbonize and move from 7.7 Gt emissions/year down to 3 or 2 Gt by mid-century, while ensuring climate resilience of its infrastructures. Transport will be part of a “net-zero emission” economy, in which remaining emissions from specific sectors will need to be captured and sequestered or off-set through other means.
The PPMC proposes the development of a Global Macro-Roadmap through a phased action process, covering a 2020-2050+ timeline and thereby covering both short as well as mid- to long-term actions. This Roadmap aims to give a realistic (technically feasible) vision, with an operational focus for each segment of the Transport sector (people and freight; road, railway, aviation, waterborne; urban and rural). It is driven by new sustainable and inclusive growth opportunities called for by the SDGs.
The Roadmap focuses on identifying a balanced package of actions taking into account the main sustainable transport paradigm which combines Avoid (reduce unnecessary travel through e.g. land use planning or logistics redesign and halting counterproductive regulation that incentivizes travel by individual motorized vehicles), Shift (shift movement of goods and people to the most efficient modes, by scaling up good practices) and Improve (improve environmental performance of fuels and powertrains, intermodality and transport management).
Proposed components include:
Component 1: Urban transformation for healthier, inclusive lifestyles and efficient, resilient, prosperous cities
Component 2: Low-carbon energy supply strategy
Component 3: Improve modal and system efficiencies
Component 4: Optimize supply chains to manage freight Transport emissions
Component 5: Avoid vehicle kilometers for commuting, shopping and accessing services
Component 6: Provide low-carbon solutions for the rural (non-urban) populations
Component 7: Accelerate action on adaptation in the transport sector
Component 8: Large scale deployment of economic instruments to catalyse the transformation, including putting a price on GHGs
Global Macro-Roadmap: 8 Priorities
The Global Macro-Roadmap concept was presented first to the EU Informal Council of Ministers (Environment and Transport) in Amsterdam in April 2016. Further presentations were made at the Climate Action Summit (Washington, May), the International Transport Forum (Leipzig, May), at the Transport, Health, Environment PEP summit (Vienna, July) and a range of other meetings with various sectoral organizations. In October 2016, the Executive Council of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) expressed its support for the concept and its will to foster business leadership in the transport transformation.
In Marrakech the Global Macro Roadmap was formally presented, as an official COP 22 document for discussion, in events organized by the GCAA Transport team at the invitation of the two High Level Champions on Climate Change, including the Round-table for Transport Ministers and the Round Table for Transport CEOs. The wider sustainable Transport community discussed the relevance of the Global Macro-Roadmap in the annual Transport Day organized by the PPMC on November 13th 2016 as part of COP22. This first round of consultations ended in a Discussion Draft of the GMR endorsed by the GCAA, , which took into account comments received during COP22. Following this first achievement, PPMC has been organizing an extensive stakeholder consultation in April-May, 2017, to be able to present a new enriched version of the GMR at COP 23 in Bonn. The present document is the result of this process of collective discussions and reflections. It must be regarded as a living document that will be updated on a regular basis to reflect relevant policy announcements and new technological developments.
Regional Adaptations of the Global Macro Roadmap
The GMR provides a global framework alongside 8 components that need to be assessed in regional contexts with respect to their differentiated mitigation potential and adaptation needs, also taking into account broader sustainable development impacts. Accordingly, PPMC has been involved since 2017 in a “GMR differentiation work stream” with the development of regionally adjusted versions of the GMR, based on analytical work and dedicated consultation workshops, so as to reflect regional characteristics, requirements and opportunities.
PPMC has thus committed to following work streams:
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