Sustainable freight recognition programs can help to reinforce and disseminate best practices in urban freight transport, green logistics, co-modality, and e-freight. Potential areas of evaluation include freight vehicle operational efficiency, and improvements in sustainable distribution to reduce CO2 emissions, congestion, collisions and operator costs. Green freight performance benchmarking through key performance indicators can also assist cities to compare logistics performance and to identify solutions and suitable implementation opportunities.
- Exclusive focus on freight transport.
- Focus on road freight transport, as well as rail, aviation, and maritime freight transport depending on scope of recognition program.
- Since 2004, United States EPA SmartWay program has collectively achieved the following impacts: 72.8 million metric tons CO2 reductions, 1,458,000 tons NOx reductions, and 72,000 tons PM reductions.
- The United States EPA SmartWay program has saved 170.3 million barrels of oil, which is equivalent to taking over 14 million cars off the road for a full year and saving USD $24.9 billion in fuel costs since 2004.
Status of deployment:
- There is a significant lack of performance benchmarking among cities in the transport sector, and thus tools could assist cities in comparing their logistics performance and identifying potential solutions and investment opportunities. One of the goals of the Clean Air Asia organization for 2016 is that Asian cities of more than 1 million regularly collect and report key freight data.
- The European Union initiative ‘Best Practice Factory for Freight Transport’ (BESTFACT) commenced in 2012 and is to be completed in 2016. The project is to examine best practices in urban freight transport, green logistics, co-modality, and e-freight, and has a broad modal scope, which includes road, rail, aviation, and maritime freight transport.
- Due to globalization, freight increasingly crosses borders and continents, and thus some factors that drive freight movements are largely beyond the control of any single government. There are multiple stakeholders involved in the freight sector and frequently they have different objectives. The relationship between stakeholders is likely to interchange amongst conflicts, cooperation, competition and “co-opetition”. This necessitates developing partnerships and a recognition program.
- A recognition program is often developed for motivating a defined set of stakeholders to change their behavior or performance in the direction strategically set by the organizer of the recognition program. A freight recognition program can be a simple labeling program, a monitoring program, or an awards program. The impact on transport emissions of a country could be in the 0.2% to 2% range, depending upon the type of freight recognition program, parameters considered, market size, type, and number of stakeholders.
- For example, the UK’s Logistics Carbon Reduction scheme (LCRS) is a voluntary industry initiative to record, report, and reduce carbon emissions. LCRS has a voluntary target of 8% reduction in emissions by 2015 when compared to 2010 levels. The latest monitoring reports suggest that by 2013, they had reduced freight emission intensity to 15% below 2005 levels. In the United States, the SmartWay system has cumulatively saved about USD $16.8 billion in fuel savings, 52 Mt of CO2 emissions (i.e. roughly 0.2% of 2010 transport emissions), 0.7 Mt of NOx emissions, and 37 kilo-tons of PM emissions from 2004 to 2013.