CO2Logistics – Local CO2 Calculations in Spain

Context of Transport Climate Action

Climate Change is one of the current problems for everyone. The direct relation between climate change and the Greenhouse Gas emissions, especially CO2, has now been well established. It is also clear that there are many different actions that can be taken in order to effectively reduce CO2.

To calculate the contribution of different industries, companies or even individuals to reduce their CO2 emissions, it is necessary to develop a common measuring methodology. This can also help identify the potential for CO2 reduction.

The CO2Logistics project developed a methodology for CO2 calculation for the logistics sector in its daily activities in the Spanish region of Aragon. The methodology has been created through research, development and collection of information about various aspects such as emission factors, conversion factors and elements, activities, process and products data. This has been put into a database to be easily accessible for stakeholders.


CO2Logistics aimed to create a methodology to systematically calculate the carbon emissions (GHG) that the logistics sector generates on a daily basis.

One of the main outcomes of CO2Logistics was an IT tool that integrates the methodology and the knowledge generated during the project in such a way that the information can be accessible to the current market. The tool is specifically aimed at the logistics sector at a local, regional and national level, with a particular emphasis in logistics parks, such as the Logistics Platform of Zaragoza (PLAZA) Spain. A logistics company has tested the tool here in a real life pilot project. The goal was to automatize the tool for the carbon footprint in a logistics center. The information that companies can get from the tool are:

  • A process map of their logistics activities
  • information on CO2 emissions
  • Report on carbon footprint of the logistics activities

CO2Logistics was developed by Zaragoza Logistics Center in collaboration with the company INCLAM S.A. once it was awarded with regional grants for R&D projects.



The project consisted of four phases:

  • A research, analysis and development stage. This involved the development of a methodology for calculation of a carbon footprint and translating this to the logistics sector;
  • Development of a software tool that is directly accessible for the logistics industry
  • Validation of the tool by a large Spanish logistics service provider in a project.
  • Dissemination of the project results.

The activities are summarized in the following graph:




Some of the direct benefits derived from the CO2Logistics project are:

  • The methodology and associated tool can help logistics companies to contribute to the objective of 20% reduction of CO2 established by the European Commission in the 2011 Transport White Paper.
  • Development of the tool for calculating the carbon footprint specifically for the logistics sector. This tool has been proven successfully in a real context at local Spanish level.
  • The methodology followed is focused in the logistics sector and helps in clarifying the carbon footprint calculation at product or organizational level.
  • The information compiled can be used as a knowledge base of shared experience.
  • As the tool is oriented to the logistics market, it is expected that the tool can help to promote energy efficiency in the logistics processes for those companies that have adopted using it.

Potential for scaling up

The next steps for CO2Logistics is to integrate an interface to improve logistics processes at the organizational level. The new functionalities will help companies to optimize energy, environmental and economic management and reducing their carbon footprint. This will lead the logistics sector to reflect on a global vision of their processes and may allow them to adopt optimization strategies and measures.

The CO2 calculation methodology used in the Spanish tool can be transferred to other regions in Europe, but also in other parts of the world. Developing the methodology to adjust it for specific local logistics situation is also considered an important aspect.

Selected references

ZLC website:

SC Frontiers #47:









Spain, Mitigation, Trucks, Freight, Policy, Technology, Awareness


INCLAM Fundación Zaragoza Logistics Center


Susana Val

“We are helping to clarify the processes and terminology used in logistics and to build this information into the solution. The fact that CO2 Logistics is being designed specifically for logistics applications distinguishes it from other solutions that evaluate carbon footprints” (Susana Val, Associate Research Professor, Transport Research Group Manager, Zaragoza Logistics Center)